Increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation in nitrogen-limited dinoflagellates: Photoprotection and repair
Limnol. Oceanogr., 47(1), 2002, 86-94 | DOI: 10.4319/lo.2002.47.1.0086
ABSTRACT: Nitrogen (N) limitation significantly increased the sensitivity of photosynthesis to inhibition by ultraviolet radiation (UV) in two estuarine dinoflagellates, Akashiwo sanguinea (= Gymnodinium sanguineum) and Gymnodinium (= Gyrodinium) cf. instriatum. Biological weighting functions (BWFs) and the kinetics of photosynthetic response to UV indicated that the main mechanism for the increase in sensitivity was less efficient repair. A decrease in cell size and in the concentration of the photoprotective mycosporine-like amino acids also elevated sensitivity. The BWFs predict that increased UV-B due to ozone depletion would cause a more than 1.5-fold greater additional inhibition of N-limited compared to nutrient-sufficient dinoflagellates. The BWFs of the N-limited cultures are similar to those measured for natural assemblages of phytoplankton in the Chesapeake Bay under low N availability.